Swarming and aggressive stinging bees are probably the most common problems that can lead to disputes with neighbours. The best practice is to keep colonies that have young queens of a docile strain.
The Queen is undoubtedly the most important individual in the bee colony. The colony rises and falls on her ability. She must maintain egg-laying in response to the needs communicated to her by the workers.
Young queens can lay more eggs than older queens. A high rate of egg-laying results in more worker bees and increased honey production. Other factors to consider are weather conditions and good sources of nectar and pollen. A two-year old Queen is regarded as an old Queen. So, we all need to re-queen our beehives eventually.
How to Re-Queen?
Re-queening colonies is an integral part of beekeeping. The old Queen is removed from the hive and replaced by a younger one, either purchased or self-reared.
A quick summary of the re-queening process is:
De-Queen your colony and remove any existing queen cells.
Within 4 to 24 hours of de-queening, add your new mated Queen in her cage.
Leave the colony undisturbed for ten days.
Successful re-queening is confirmed when you see egg-laying from your new Queen.
Note: The colony to be re-queened must have a good number of young bees. Colonies that are broodless and queenless rarely accept a new queen. Therefore, merging these bees with queen-right colonies is the best management practice.